# 定语从句关系副词

—Look ! What day is it today? Why are they getting together again? —Today is March, 12th when people get together to plant trees! ----Where is it? ----It is the basketball court. It is a place where we can play basketball indoors. ----That is Mrs. Green and she has asked for a leave for her giving a birth to her kid. ----That is the reason why she doesn’t come to work as usual. 1. 定语从句中关系副词有： when, where, why 2. 关系副词在定语从句中所作的成分： 关系副词在定语从句中都作状语。 when 作时间状语；where 作地点状语； why 作原因状语。 He remembered the day when I arrived in this big city. on which I went back to the place where I was born and grew up. in which Please give me the reason why you were late this time. for which ?when 指时间，在从句中作时间状语，它的 先行词为time, day, morning, night, week, year, moment, period, age等，亦可用“介词 +which”替代。 I still remember the time when I first traveled by plane. 我仍然记得第一次坐飞机旅行的时间。 We are living in an age when many things are done on computer. 我们生活在许多事情可以在电脑做的时代。 ?where指地点，在从句中作地点状语。它 的先行词通常为place, spot, street, house, room, city, town, country等，亦可用“介词 + which”替代。 Can you tell me the company where he works? 你能告诉我他工作的公司吗？ Keep the books in a place where you can find them easily. 请把书放在容易找到的地方。 Attention where 引导的定语从句还可以修饰表示抽象 空间概念的名词，如 case(情况), point(地步) situation(情形), position(位置), stage(阶段)… 但先行词为occasions（机会，时候）时，用 when引导 What are some where body language is the only form of communication? 在哪些情形下身体语言是唯一的沟通方式？ ?why 指原因或理由，它的先行词只有reason， 在定语从句中作原因状语，亦可用“介词for+ which”替代。 Can you tell me the reason why you didn’t come to his birthday party? 你能告诉我你没参加他的生日宴会的原因吗？ Attention We often think of the days which we spent together in the countryside. which在定语从句中作宾语 比较:We often think of the days when we worked together in the countryside. when在定语从句中作时间状语，=on the days。 We believe the reason that he told us. 比较:The reason why/for which he was absent yesterday is still unknown. when =“at/in/on/during + which” where =“at/in/on + which” why =“for + which” 介词的选用原则 1.根据定语从句中谓语动词的习惯搭配来选 用介词 eg.This is the book on which I spent 8 yuan. for which I paid 8 yuan. 2.根据先行词的习惯搭配来选用介词 eg.I remember the days on which I joined the league. the days during which I lived there. the month in which I stayed there. Is this the day when/on which I visited the museum? Please put the letter on the desk where/on which he can easily find it. This is the reason why/for which he didn’t come to the meeting. Attention 表“所有”关系或“整体中的一部分”时， 用介词of eg.The old woman has two sons, both of whom are doctors. =., and both of them. 关系副词与关系代词在定语从句中 的关系： “介词+关系代词”在从句中作状语相当 于一个关系副词。 eg.王先生工作的那家工厂是一家鞋厂。 这个句子有以下三种表达方式： 王先生工作的那家工厂是一家鞋厂 The factory that/which Mr. Wang works in is a shoe one. The factory in which Mr. Wang works is a shoe one. The factory where Mr. Wang works is a shoe one. 1. Many people who had seen the film were afraid to go to the forest when they remembered the scenes ______ people were eaten by the tiger. A. in which B. by which C. which D. that 2. Some pre-school children go to a day care center, _______ they learn simple games and songs. A. then B. there C. while D. where 3. The village has developed a lot _____ we learned farming two years ago. A. when B. which C. that D. where [点拨] 该句先行词是The village，定语从句和先行词被 谓语has developed a lot隔开，从句中缺地点状语，故选 where。 4. After living in Paris for fifty years he returned to the small town _____ he grew up as a child. A. which B. that C. where D. when 5. Is this the reason ____ at the meeting for his carelessness in his work? A. he explained B. what he explained C. how he explained D. why he explained 6. There are altogether eleven books on the shelf, ____ five are mine. A. on which B. in which C. of which D. from which 7.Mozart s birthplace and the house ____ he composed “The Magic Flute“ are both museums now. A. where B.when C. there D.which 8.Occasions are quite rare ____ I have the time to spend a day with my kids. A.who B.which C.why D.when 9.All the neighbors admire this family ____ the parents are treating their child like a friend. A.why B.where C.which D.that 10.I work in a business ____ almost everyone is waiting for a great chance. A.how B.which C.where D.that 11.After graduation she reached a point in her career____ she needed to decide what to do. A.that B.what C.which D.where 12.He was educated at the local high school, ____ he went on to Beijing University. A.after which B.after that C.in which D.in that —Look ! What day is it today? Why are they getting together again? —Today is March, 12th when people get together to plant trees! ----Where is it? ----It is the basketball court. It is a place where we can play basketball indoors. ----That is Mrs. Green and she has asked for a leave for her giving a birth to her kid. ----That is the reason why she doesn’t come to work as usual. 1. 定语从句中关系副词有： when, where, why 2. 关系副词在定语从句中所作的成分： 关系副词在定语从句中都作状语。 when 作时间状语；where 作地点状语； why 作原因状语。 He remembered the day when I arrived in this big city. on which I went back to the place where I was born and grew up. in which Please give me the reason why you were late this time. for which ?when 指时间，在从句中作时间状语，它的 先行词为time, day, morning, night, week, year, moment, period, age等，亦可用“介词 +which”替代。 I still remember the time when I first traveled by plane. 我仍然记得第一次坐飞机旅行的时间。 We are living in an age when many things are done on computer. 我们生活在许多事情可以在电脑做的时代。 ?where指地点，在从句中作地点状语。它 的先行词通常为place, spot, street, house, room, city, town, country等，亦可用“介词 + which”替代。 Can you tell me the company where he works? 你能告诉我他工作的公司吗？ Keep the books in a place where you can find them easily. 请把书放在容易找到的地方。 Attention where 引导的定语从句还可以修饰表示抽象 空间概念的名词，如 case(情况), point(地步) situation(情形), position(位置), stage(阶段)… 但先行词为occasions（机会，时候）时，用 when引导 What are some where body language is the only form of communication? 在哪些情形下身体语言是唯一的沟通方式？ ?why 指原因或理由，它的先行词只有reason， 在定语从句中作原因状语，亦可用“介词for+ which”替代。 Can you tell me the reason why you didn’t come to his birthday party? 你能告诉我你没参加他的生日宴会的原因吗？ Attention We often think of the days which we spent together in the countryside. which在定语从句中作宾语 比较:We often think of the days when we worked together in the countryside. when在定语从句中作时间状语，=on the days。 We believe the reason that he told us. 比较:The reason why/for which he was absent yesterday is still unknown. when =“at/in/on/during + which” where =“at/in/on + which” why =“for + which” 介词的选用原则 1.根据定语从句中谓语动词的习惯搭配来选 用介词 eg.This is the book on which I spent 8 yuan. for which I paid 8 yuan. 2.根据先行词的习惯搭配来选用介词 eg.I remember the days on which I joined the league. the days during which I lived there. the month in which I stayed there. Is this the day when/on which I visited the museum? Please put the letter on the desk where/on which he can easily find it. This is the reason why/for which he didn’t come to the meeting. Attention 表“所有”关系或“整体中的一部分”时， 用介词of eg.The old woman has two sons, both of whom are doctors. =., and both of them. 关系副词与关系代词在定语从句中 的关系： “介词+关系代词”在从句中作状语相当 于一个关系副词。 eg.王先生工作的那家工厂是一家鞋厂。 这个句子有以下三种表达方式： 王先生工作的那家工厂是一家鞋厂 The factory that/which Mr. Wang works in is a shoe one. The factory in which Mr. Wang works is a shoe one. The factory where Mr. Wang works is a shoe one. 1. Many people who had seen the film were afraid to go to the forest when they remembered the scenes ______ people were eaten by the tiger. A. in which B. by which C. which D. that 2. Some pre-school children go to a day care center, _______ they learn simple games and songs. A. then B. there C. while D. where 3. The village has developed a lot _____ we learned farming two years ago. A. when B. which C. that D. where [点拨] 该句先行词是The village，定语从句和先行词被 谓语has developed a lot隔开，从句中缺地点状语，故选 where。 4. After living in Paris for fifty years he returned to the small town _____ he grew up as a child. A. which B. that C. where D. when 5. Is this the reason ____ at the meeting for his carelessness in his work? A. he explained B. what he explained C. how he explained D. why he explained 6. There are altogether eleven books on the shelf, ____ five are mine. A. on which B. in which C. of which D. from which 7.Mozart s birthplace and the house ____ he composed “The Magic Flute“ are both museums now. A. where B.when C. there D.which 8.Occasions are quite rare ____ I have the time to spend a day with my kids. A.who B.which C.why D.when 9.All the neighbors admire this family ____ the parents are treating their child like a friend. A.why B.where C.which D.that 10.I work in a business ____ almost everyone is waiting for a great chance. A.how B.which C.where D.that 11.After graduation she reached a point in her career____ she needed to decide what to do. A.that B.what C.which D.where 12.He was educated at the local high school, ____ he went on to Beijing University. A.after which B.after that C.in which D.in that —Look ! What day is it today? Why are they getting together again? —Today is March, 12th when people get together to plant trees! ----Where is it? ----It is the basketball court. It is a place where we can play basketball indoors. ----That is Mrs. Green and she has asked for a leave for her giving a birth to her kid. ----That is the reason why she doesn’t come to work as usual. 1. 定语从句中关系副词有： when, where, why 2. 关系副词在定语从句中所作的成分： 关系副词在定语从句中都作状语。 when 作时间状语；where 作地点状语； why 作原因状语。 He remembered the day when I arrived in this big city. on which I went back to the place where I was born and grew up. in which Please give me the reason why you were late this time. for which ?when 指时间，在从句中作时间状语，它的 先行词为time, day, morning, night, week, year, moment, period, age等，亦可用“介词 +which”替代。 I still remember the time when I first traveled by plane. 我仍然记得第一次坐飞机旅行的时间。 We are living in an age when many things are done on computer. 我们生活在许多事情可以在电脑做的时代。 ?where指地点，在从句中作地点状语。它 的先行词通常为place, spot, street, house, room, city, town, country等，亦可用“介词 + which”替代。 Can you tell me the company where he works? 你能告诉我他工作的公司吗？ Keep the books in a place where you can find them easily. 请把书放在容易找到的地方。 Attention where 引导的定语从句还可以修饰表示抽象 空间概念的名词，如 case(情况), point(地步) situation(情形), position(位置), stage(阶段)… 但先行词为occasions（机会，时候）时，用 when引导 What are some where body language is the only form of communication? 在哪些情形下身体语言是唯一的沟通方式？ ?why 指原因或理由，它的先行词只有reason， 在定语从句中作原因状语，亦可用“介词for+ which”替代。 Can you tell me the reason why you didn’t come to his birthday party? 你能告诉我你没参加他的生日宴会的原因吗？ Attention We often think of the days which we spent together in the countryside. which在定语从句中作宾语 比较:We often think of the days when we worked together in the countryside. when在定语从句中作时间状语，=on the days。 We believe the reason that he told us. 比较:The reason why/for which he was absent yesterday is still unknown. when =“at/in/on/during + which” where =“at/in/on + which” why =“for + which” 介词的选用原则 1.根据定语从句中谓语动词的习惯搭配来选 用介词 eg.This is the book on which I spent 8 yuan. for which I paid 8 yuan. 2.根据先行词的习惯搭配来选用介词 eg.I remember the days on which I joined the league. the days during which I lived there. the month in which I stayed there. Is this the day when/on which I visited the museum? Please put the letter on the desk where/on which he can easily find it. This is the reason why/for which he didn’t come to the meeting. Attention 表“所有”关系或“整体中的一部分”时， 用介词of eg.The old woman has two sons, both of whom are doctors. =., and both of them. 关系副词与关系代词在定语从句中 的关系： “介词+关系代词”在从句中作状语相当 于一个关系副词。 eg.王先生工作的那家工厂是一家鞋厂。 这个句子有以下三种表达方式： 王先生工作的那家工厂是一家鞋厂 The factory that/which Mr. Wang works in is a shoe one. The factory in which Mr. Wang works is a shoe one. The factory where Mr. Wang works is a shoe one. 1. Many people who had seen the film were afraid to go to the forest when they remembered the scenes ______ people were eaten by the tiger. A. in which B. by which C. which D. that 2. Some pre-school children go to a day care center, _______ they learn simple games and songs. A. then B. there C. while D. where 3. The village has developed a lot _____ we learned farming two years ago. A. when B. which C. that D. where [点拨] 该句先行词是The village，定语从句和先行词被 谓语has developed a lot隔开，从句中缺地点状语，故选 where。 4. After living in Paris for fifty years he returned to the small town _____ he grew up as a child. A. which B. that C. where D. when 5. Is this the reason ____ at the meeting for his carelessness in his work? A. he explained B. what he explained C. how he explained D. why he explained 6. There are altogether eleven books on the shelf, ____ five are mine. A. on which B. in which C. of which D. from which 7.Mozart s birthplace and the house ____ he composed “The Magic Flute“ are both museums now. A. where B.when C. there D.which 8.Occasions are quite rare ____ I have the time to spend a day with my kids. A.who B.which C.why D.when 9.All the neighbors admire this family ____ the parents are treating their child like a friend. A